Symptoms of Gum Disease

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is the infection of gums and bone supporting your teeth

Gum disease is the infection of gums and bones which support your teeth. Gum disease is a serious dental disease which affects multiple teeth and should be treated by a dentist as soon as possible. If left untreated, gum disease causes your gums and supporting bone structure to shrink, causing bleeding gums and tooth sensitivity. In the most advanced cases of gum disease, your teeth become loose due to a lack of supporting bone structure and you will eventually lose them.

What are the Stages of Gum Disease?

There are two stages of gum disease: Gingvitis and Periodontits. Gingivitis is the earlier stage of gum disease where the infection is still localized to your gum tissue and has not spread to the surrounding bone. Periodontitis is the more advanced stage of gum disease where infection has spread beyond the gums and to your supporting bone structure.
The two stages of gum disease are gingivitis and periodontitis 

What are the Symptoms of Gingivitis?

Since gingivitis is infection of gum tissue you will notice changes happening to texture and appearance of your gums. Common symptoms of gingivitis include:

  • Gums start becoming tender, puffy and red
  • Bleeding gums, especially when you’re cleaning your teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Foul taste in your mouth
  • Generalized teeth sensitivity

What are the Symptoms of Periodontitis?

Periodontitis starts off similar to gingivitis and you will notice gum swelling, bleeding and a foul taste in your mouth. However, as periodontitis progresses you will start noticing additional symptoms, such as: 
  • Your gums start to shrink around teeth causing gum recession and exposing teeth roots. Once teeth roots become exposed, your teeth start becoming sensitive to hot and cold.
  • As you continue losing the supporting bone structure, your teeth start to get loose. You may notice gaps forming in-between your teeth which is the result of teeth drifting because of losing their support.
  • You might even notice changes in your bite and the way your teeth come together. Again, this is the result of teeth shifting due to bone loss.
  • Eventually, your teeth become loose and you’re at risk of losing them. Wide spread infection can eventually cause loss of multiple teeth or even all of them!

Are Symptoms of Gum Disease Always Visible?

Unfortunately, many symptoms of gum disease may not be as obvious. Since gum disease does not cause immediate toothaches, it’s harder to self-diagnose as compared to cavities or toothaches. This is why gum disease can easily go undetected for years. In fact, you may not be aware that you’re suffering from gum disease until it’s too late! 

Only a dentist is qualified to examine your teeth and gums to determine if you’re suffering from gum disease and recommend a proper treatment for your condition. If you haven’t been to a dentist for a long time and suspect that you may be suffering from gum disease, you should consider seeing one as soon as possible. If you live in Southern California and would like a consultation on the status of your gums, give us a call today.

Brush 'n Floss Yo Teeth!
Ali John Jazayeri, DDS


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